Install Wine On Mac Using Brew

06.04.2020
    86 - Comments

This tutorial is for intermediate users who want to install and useWine on their computer running macOS.You should already know the basics of how to use the command line.If you don't, read this tutorial first.

  1. Install Wine On Mac Brew
  2. Mac Brew Install Wine

This answer is super out of date and is causing a ton of issues given the changes to Go and it appears first on Google searches for 'How to install Go using Brew'. That means a lot of people are being directed to this outdated and inaccurate answer. Open the downloaded DMG file. Drag and drop both Wine and WineBottler applications to your Applications folder to install them, just like you would any other Mac application. You can then launch WineBottler from your Applications folder. WineBottler lists a number of different programs you can easily install.

What is Wine?

Wine is awesome.No, I'm not talking about the kind you drink,I mean the kind that lets you run Windows apps without theWindows operating system.It's kind of Zen, when you think about it.Oh, and did I mention it's completely free, legal, and open source?

Nowadays, Windows and Mac play nicely together.You can install Windows and Mac side by side and switch between them usingBoot Camp, but that requiresa reboot every time, and you can only use one operating system at a time.You can also use a tool likeParallels Desktop orVMware Fusionto virtualize Windows and run it together with Mac,but virtualization is slow and it takes up a lot of memory.(Your physical computer creates an imaginary 'virtual' computer within itself,and runs Windows on that. That takes a lot of resources!)On top of that, all of these solutions require you to own a legal copyof Windows, which isn't cheap!

Wine is different. When any program runs, it requests resourceslike memory and disk space from the operating system.All that Wine does is make sure that those requests get answered so thatthe program can run correctly. As far as the program knows, everythingis going smoothly because it has everything it needs.It never even realizes that it's not running on Windows!It's simpler than emulating a whole new computer, so it's faster.Since it's just translating requests, you don't need a copy ofthe actual Windows operating system. Plus, Wine is open source,which means people are continually improving it and adding new features.And you can't beat the price!

Will My Program Work With Wine?

A lot of people discover Wine because they have one specific Windows programthat they need to use, and it's the last thing preventing them from switchingto a different operating system. So, the big question is, will it work?The short answer is: probably, but it's worth checking.

The Wine project maintains a database called theAppDB that hasuser reviews of how well specific Windows programs work under Wine.Search for your program and find out! (If it's not listed, that doesn'tnecessarily mean that it won't work — only that you're apparently tryingto use a very obscure program!)

Requirements

To install Wine on your Mac, you will need the following:

Scratch live 2. 3 1 9. The SL4 has built in galvanic isolation between USB and audio, with turn on/off muting. The unit also includes Low-latency ASIO and Core Audio drivers which allow the SL4 to be used as a studio production tool with third-party software applications.SL3 The SL3 is another audio interface for Scratch Live. It also has 96 kHz, 24-bit audio. It is the first standalone DJ interface with two USB 2.0 ports for seamless DJ changeover and back-to-back performances.

  • macOS 10.10 (Yosemite) or above (but 10.15 Catalina is not recommended)
  • Access to an Admin account, with password
  • An internet connection

To check what version of macOS you're running,click on the Apple logo on the far left side of the toolbar,select 'About This Mac', and look at your versionnumber under the big 'macOS' or 'OS X'. If it's 10.10 or higher, you're all set.

Note that Wine does not work well with macOS 10.15 Catalina. Apple removed 32-bit supportin Catalina, which is a critical part of the macOS system that almost all of Wine relies on.You can run 64-bit applications through Wine on Catalina, but very few applications for Windowsare 64-bit. If you need to use Wine, you should not upgrade to Catalina.

You need an Admin account on your Mac because only Admins can install software.You will need to be logged in to this Admin account during the installation.If there is only one account on your computer, it is an Admin account.The account must have a password: if the account has no password,the sudo utility will fail. To set or change your password,go to the Accounts section in System Preferences.

Part 1: Install Homebrew

Homebrew is a package manager that makes installingopen source programs much easier. In particular, trying to installa large program like Wine without the help of a package manager would betremendously difficult.Fortunately, Homebrew itself is simple to install: just open up theTerminal and run this command:

The Terminal will tell you what it's about to do, and ask youif you want to proceed: press Enter to do so.The Terminal may then ask for a password: this is the passwordto the Admin account on your computer. As a security measure,the Terminal does not display anything as you type, not evenasterisks (*). Type your password anyway, and press Enter. If you get somekind of error, it might be because the Admin account doesn't have apassword set. Setting a password is required.

Installing Homebrew should only take a few seconds or minutes(depending on the speed of your internet connection). When it's done,the Terminal will say that the installation was successful, and ask you torun brew doctor. Do as it suggests:

This will make Homebrew inspect your system and make sure that everythingis set up correctly. If the Terminal informs you of any issues, you'll needto fix them yourself, and then run brew doctor again to verify that youfixed them correctly. When everything is set up correctly, you'll see themessage Your system is ready to brew, and you can move on to the next partof the tutorial.

Note: If Homebrew tells you that you need to agree to the Xcode license,you can do that by running:

The Terminal window will fill up with the Xcode license:read it, type agree and hit enter to agree to the license.

Part 2: Install Wine Using Homebrew

Now we get to actually install Wine! We'll let Homebrew do all the work,all you have to do is tell it what you want with this command:

Install Wine On Mac Brew

Let's break down this command into parts. brew refers to Homebrew, whichyou just installed. cask refers toHomebrew Cask,an extension to Homebrew that is used to install GUI application on yourcomputer. (GUI stands for 'Graphical User Interface'. A GUI application isan app that you can see running, as opposed to invisibly runningin the background.) install refers to the fact that you're askingHomebrew Cask to install something on your computer, and wine-stableis the name of the thing that you want it to install. Wine has a 'stable' versionand a 'devel' version: you probably want stable, since it should have fewer bugs.

When you run this command, Homebrew will start automatically downloadingand installing software onto your computer. It might start by installingsoftware that has a totally different name: that's fine! Like most complexapplications, Wine doesn't work alone -- it relies on several other pieces of software torun correctly. These are called 'dependencies', and Homebrew is smart enoughto install them for you automatically when necessary.

While it's working, Homebrew will display messages and progress bars on the Terminal to let you know what it's doing. When it's done installing Wine, it will stop displaying messages and wait for you to type in a new command. When that happens, move on to the next step!

Part 3: Install Windows Programs Using Wine

To install a Windows program, first download the installer file:it should end with .exe. Remember the location you put it, and open upthe Terminal again. cd to the location, and use ls to make sure you cansee the installer file. (Note: if you do not know what cd and ls are,you should learn how to use the command linebefore using Wine.)

Once you are in the correct directory, run the installer through Wineby running the following command in the Terminal:

Where $INSTALLER is the name of the installer file. For example,if the installer file is named setup.exe, you would run:

A window will pop up with a regular graphical Windows installer.Click through it, and you're done!

Part 4: Run Windows Programs Using Wine

Open up the Terminal and run this to get to your Program Files folder:

Run ls to see what programs you have installed. Pick a program,and enter its directory using cd. (If the folder has a space in it,you must type a before the space. For example, Program Files.If you're having problems, try using tab autocomplete.)There should be a file that ends in .exe: this is the program file.Type this into Terminal:

Where $PROGRAM is the name of the .exe file. For example, if the programfile is named STARCRAFT.EXE, you would run:

The program will pop up in a new window, ready to use!Enjoy using Windows on your Mac, freely and legally!

Making a Dock Icon

Many people want to be able to run Windows programs the same waythey run other programs on the Mac: by clicking an icon in the Dock.Wine isn't specifically designed to support this, but with a little trickery,we can make it do what we want.

Note: Wine prints out error messages in the Terminal when something goes wrong.By launching Windows programs via a Dock icon, you are sidestepping theTerminal, which means that if something does go wrong and Wine has to quit,it will not be able to tell you what the problem was. The first stepto solving a problem is knowing what it is, so without running Winefrom the Terminal, you won't be able to fix it, and neither will anyone else.Running from the Dock is fine as long as your program seems to be workingcorrectly, but if it crashes, the first thing you should try is running itfrom the Terminal instead: it won't prevent the program from crashing,but it will give you some clues on how to fix the problem.

In order to launch a Windows program via the Dock, we're going towrite an AppleScriptthat launches the program for us, and then putthat AppleScript in the Dock. Essentially, we're writing a program ourselves!Don't worry, it's easy enough. There is a program on your computerthat is designed for helping you write AppleScripts:it's called 'Script Editor', and you can find it in the/Applications/Utilities directory of your computer,same as the Terminal itself.

Open up the Script Editor. You should see a window with a large areayou can type in near the top: this is where you write your AppleScript.In that area, type the following text:

You'll need to replace $PATH_TO_PROGRAM with the path from theProgram Files directory to your program executable. You can see thatyou're simply telling the AppleScript to run a line of code in the Terminal:the same line of code that you could run to start your Windows program.

Next, press the Compile button at the top of the window.The text should become colored to indicate that Script Editorunderstands what you wrote. You can also try pressing the Run buttonto run your script: it should open the Windows program successfully.

Lastly, save your script. You can give it whatever name you'd like,but be sure to select File Format: Application in the save options,and leave Startup Screen unchecked.

Open up the Finder, go to where you saved your script, and drag thatfile to your Dock. It should stay there, just like a real application — because it is a real application! However, all it does is runthat launcher command for you, so you can move the application around,rename it, or even delete it, and it won't affect the Windows programthat you're running.

Keeping Wine Up to Date

Wine is an open source program. That means that programmersaround the world are continually improving it, adding new featuresand squashing bugs. If you don't update Wine, though, it will neverget those improvements, so it's generally a good idea to check for updatesevery so often. We can use Homebrew to keep Wine up to date: it's easy!Just run this command:

With this command, Homebrew will first update itself, if any updatesare available. It will then find all the outdated software it knows about(including Wine) and upgrade them all to the latest version.Checking for updates isn't strictly necessary, as Wine runs quite wellcurrently. However, it's a good idea to run this command every few monthsor so.

Uninstalling Wine and Homebrew

If you try Wine and you don't like it, uninstalling it is easy.Just run this command:

And Homebrew will helpfully remove Wine from your computer.However, in order to install Wine, Homebrew also had to install many othersmall programs that Wine relies upon to work correctly.(That's why the install process takes so long!)If you want to remove these as well,run this script:

That script will remove everthing that you installed in this tutorial,including Homebrew, Wine, and all the other programs Homebrew installedto get Wine to work correctly.

Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.

Wine has been a long-standing open source software. It is highly popular because it aims to allow the computer programs that have been developed for Microsoft Windows to run on Mac and other Unix-based systems. Mac users have especially been using it to run Windows applications on Mac, so if you are one such user, you have come to the right place. In this article, we will be talking all about Wine and how you can download & install it on your Mac, as well as run it and use it.

Contents

  • 1 Wine for Mac: Everything You Need to Know
    • 1.1 Installing Wine on your Mac

Wine for Mac: Everything You Need to Know

Wine is a pretty old application, first launched in 1993. It is completely free as well as legal. Even though Boot Camp is available, which allows you to install Windows on a Mac, you are required to boot up every time you want to run Windows. Wine helps you cut to the chase and run a Windows program directly.

When a program runs, it asks for resources like disk and memory space from the OS, which Wine makes sure get answered.

Wine is way better than Boot Camp or virtualization like Parallel Space, which makes it so ideal. However, there might be a slight chance that your program may not work with Wine. You will have to try to run it for that.

Let’s get Started!

Installing Wine on your Mac

To get Wine on Mac, we will first look into the system requirements, and then we will outline the steps in detail.

System Requirements

The following are the requirements of your system to install Wine for Mac:

  • macOS 10.10 (Yosemite) or above
  • Access to an Admin account, with password
  • An Internet Connection

Now that we have gone through these, let us take a look at the various steps you will be going through to install Wine for Mac.

Step 1: Installing Homebrew

Homebrew is a package manager. It facilitates the installation of open source programs, including Wine, a pretty easy task. Wine is big in size, which is why it’s better to install it.

To install Homebrew:

  • Run the Terminal
  • In the command line, type:

ruby -e $(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)”

  • The Terminal will ask your permission, as well as ask for the password. Enter them and continue.
  • No character will be displayed while you type your password, but don’t worry the Terminal is taking the password as input.
  • Homebrew should take no more than a few minutes to install.
  • Once that is done, all you have to do type the following into the terminal and press enter:

brew doctor

  • If everything goes correctly, you should see the message ‘Your system is ready to brew’. We will proceed to the next step.

If you do get asked by the terminal to agree with the Xcode License, you can do that easily by typing the following into the terminal:

How to remove garageband instruments and lessons from my mac. sudo xcodebuild License

Then, just read the agreement, agree to it and proceed.

Step 2: Install XQuartz with the help of Homebrew

XQuartz is another open source program that you need to install, as in order for Wine to install properly Xquartz is needed. Homebrew allows you to very easily install this, all you have to do is enter the following command into the terminal:

brew cask install xquartz

In the above command:

  • brew refers to Homebrew
  • cask is a reference to Homebrew Cask, which installs GUI (Graphical User Interface) Application on your Mac
  • install xquartz is self-explanatory, meaning that you are installing the xquartz program on your Mac

Once the installation is complete, Terminal will pause and then wait for your next command, i.e. the next step.

Mac Brew Install Wine

Step 3: Wine Installation

Now that we have everything ready, all we have to do is install Wine on Mac. Homebrew will install it for us, just type the following in the terminal:

brew install wine

Now, Wine will be installed on your MacOS by Homebrew. That’s it!

Installing and Running Windows Programs on Mac using Wine

Now that Wine has been installed correctly, we will see how we can run Windows Programs on our Mac using Wine.

  • Get the installer file .exe
  • Keep in mind its location
  • Using cd, navigate to the directory where the installer file is being stored
  • Now, run the following command in the terminal:

wine $INSTALLNAME.exe

where ‘$INSTALLNAME’ will be replaced by the installer file name. For example, if the installer file name is ‘fastsetup.exe’, type

wine fastsetup.exe

You will now see the installer window, where the instructions will be self-explanatory for you to install the Windows Program.

Now, let us see how to run our Windows Program on MacOS using Wine.

  • Enter the following command in the terminal- we will be navigating to the Program Files directory:
  • cd ~/.wine/drive_c/ProgramFiles/
  • Now, navigate to your installed program’s directory among the list (which you can see using the ls command). You can navigate using the cd command. Check out any command list website to learn how to use these commands.
  • You will find the .exe file of your installed program. To run it, type the following into command prompt;

wine $program.exe

where ‘$program’ will be replaced by the name of your program, just like before.

  • Now, you will see a window pop up and your Windows Program will start running perfectly! That is how you can install and run Windows Programs using Wine.

Final Take

We hope that by reading this article you were able to install Wine on your Macbook. If you have any further queries regarding the steps mentioned in this article, you can drop us a comment below and we’ll do our best to get back to you with a relevant answer.

Related Posts: